THE LINDA HALL LIBRARY HISTORY OF SCIENCE COLLECTION
Cook's SecondVoyage 1772-1775
journey southward, the crew often suffered extremely cold temperatures.
noon, the gale abated; so that we could carry close-reefed top-sails.
But the weather continued thick and hazy, with sleet and snow,
which froze on the rigging as it fell, and ornamented the whole
with icicles; the mercury in the thermometer being generally below
the freezing point."
would move about, and there was always the danger of being caught
in the ice, at the mercy of a hoped-for thaw that could take longer
than provisions would last; or being hit by the ice with a fatal
blow that would sink the ship.
"The Ice Islands, seen the 9th of Jan’ry,
A Voyage towards
the South Pole and Round the World, Performed in His Majesty's Ships
the Resolution and Adventure.
This plate illustrates
how the crew collected ice to use for drinking. As Cook describes,
out three boats; and, in about five or six hours, took up as much
ice as yielded fifteen tons of good fresh water… The salt
water which adhered to the ice, was so trifling as not to be tasted…
and the water which the ice yielded, was perfectly sweet and well-tasted…
the most expeditious way of watering I ever met with."